Dedicated to the 100 million victims of communism worldwide.
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National Exhibit
National Exhibit
History
Vietnam Under Communism

Return to Vietnam (1941-1945)

By the time Ho was sent back to China in May 1940 to infiltrate Vietnam, Ho had been away from his homeland for 30 years. But luck again prevailed as the OSS (Office of Strategic Services, the precursor of the CIA), found in Ho and his ragtag army of no more than a few dozen men a group willing to serve as scouts for fallen U.S. airmen. This enabled Ho and his men, relying on OSS information, to make their dash to Hanoi with the Japanese surrender of 15 August 1945.

At a place called Tan Trao, they decided to back the bold proposal of the Hanoi committee to take over government buildings in the power vacuum that followed the Japanese surrender.

On 2 September 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the birth of an independent Vietnam with the communists dominant. With the assassinations of tens of thousands of non-communist rivals, the communists established the dictatorship it is today.

Resistance against the French (1945-54) and the Land Reform (1953-56)

Ho Chi compra de viagra sin receta Minh’s government, which represented itself as a broad-based national movement led by the communist Viet Minh Front, did not go unchallenged. But when the French returned with the clear intention to retake the land, many Vietnamese fought under the banner of Ho’s forces. Nine years of heroic struggle ended in the battle of Dien Bien Phu in May 1954. Vietnam was divided into two zones, the communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam north of the 17th parallel, and the so-called nationalist zone, later known as the Republic of Vietnam, south of that line.

Murderous as the conflict was, it was no match in terms of human suffering with the Land Reform Campaign that claimed four times as many casualties as the nine-year war. Official statistics from Hanoi, finally released after nearly half a century, acknowledge that 172,008 casualties resulted from the three-year campaign—a clear case of genocide as the victims were killed not because of any crime but because they allegedly belonged to the landowner class.

Destruction of Culture

Other campaigns launched by the DRV government were not so murderous but in some ways just as deleterious. They included:

The so-called “anti-bourgeois campaign” (danh tu-san) of 1955-1956, which essentially wiped out the capitalist and managerial class in North Vietnam.

The intellectuals movement known as the Nhan Van-Giai Pham Affair (Nhan Van, “Humanism,” and Giai Pham, “Masterpieces,” being the names of two famous publications that advocated freedom for writers and artists), 1956 -58, which deprived the DRV of the contributions of several hundred of its best minds—the effect of which is felt to this day.

The purge of the so-called “revisionist, anti-Party group” (of the mid-1960’s) which claimed, among its hundreds of victims, a personal secretary to Ho Chi Minh (Vu Dinh Huynh), the Russian-trained director of the Marxism- Leninism Institute (Hoang Minh Chinh), a highly regarded general hero of the French Resistance War (Gen. Dang Kim Giang), a Deputy Foreign Minister (Ung Van Khiem), the Minister in Charge of Reunification (General Nguyen Van Vinh), a top Russian-trained economist (Bui Cong Trung), dozens of high officers, journalists, movie directors etc. General Vo Nguyen Giap was spared only because of the strong support of Ho Chi Minh but he was demoted to Family Planning Director in charge of distributing IUDs (intrauterine devices).

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Vietnam
Location:  Southeast Asia
Capital:  Hanoi
Communist Rule:  1945 - Current
Status:  Under Communist Rule
Victims of Communism:
1 million